What is Timber Framing?
Timber framing (German: Fachwerk, literally “framework”), or half-timbering, also called in North America “post-and-beam” construction and post-frame construction, is the method of creating structures using heavy squared off and carefully fitted and joined timbers with joints secured by large wooden pegs (larger versions of the mortise and tenon joints in furniture). It is commonplace in large barns. The methodology comes from making things out of logs and tree trunks without modern high tech saws to cut lumber from the starting material stock. Using axes, adzes and draw knives, hand powered auger drill bits (bit and brace), and laborious woodworking, artisans or farmers could gradually assemble a building capable of bearing heavy weight without excessive use of interior space given over to vertical support posts.
In architectural terminology it can be defined as:
a lattice of panels filled with a non-loadbearing material or “nogging” of brick, clay or plaster, the frame is often exposed on the outside of the building.